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Different Aspects of Rice

Humans have been practicing agriculture since prehistoric times and since then there have been a steady development in agricultural methods from time to time. Rice is one of the most widely produced food crops on earth and is consumed by a large number of people across the globe. In the last few years the improvements in agricultural technology as well as the development of high yielding seeds have led to a drastic increase in the overall production of rice. The Green Revolution in India along with the introduction of more sophisticated agricultural tools has helped the production of rice skyrocket. Today, most of the rice production in the world comes from the Asian countries namely India, Bangladesh, Myanmar, Vietnam, Cambodia, Thailand and China.

Rice is produced in rice fields composed of alluvial soil rich in natural nutrients. The rice plants need a hot and humid climate and deposition of few centimeters of water at the base in order to grow properly. Different kinds of rice are produced in different parts of the world, the most well known of them is the “Basmati” rice, a highly flavored and delicious variety, cultivated generally in India. Most of the rice producers export a part of the annual production to foreign countries after processing the grains at rice mills.


Rice is used all over the world to produce a number of delicacies. It is obvious that the delicacies differ from each other in terms of taste, flavor and ingredients. But all of them have rice as the basic ingredient. It serves as the staple diet of people especially in the Bengal region, South India and parts of South-east Asia. Grinded rice when mixed with water and some other edible liquids form a paste that is used in many cuisines. Nowadays Europeans are also consuming rice as a part of their daily diet.


Over the last few years several controversies regarding the production and processing of rice have clouded the industry. The main problem lies in the excessive use of pesticides in the rice fields. These pesticides protect the plants from being destroyed by insects but also leave serious health hazards in human beings. As a result strict regulations have been placed in order to control the use of pesticides so that serious health problems can be avoided. Farmers as well as rice processors need to abide by these rules and any deviation can result in punishments.

Rice is mainly produced by unorganized farmers in the rural areas. However, there are many companies that collect the rice from the farmers and, process them in rice mills and sell them to consumers. Many of these companies have their own websites where industrial buyers can get an idea of the products and services offered by the companies. It is also possible to place an online order for rice but it is always advisable to contact the dealer in person while making a bulk purchase. This would enable buyers judge the quality of the rice and place necessary orders.

India is one the leading rice exporters and supplier of basmati rice in the world. In the year 2012, India surpassed Thailand as the top exporter of rice, shipping 10.3 million tons of rice as compared with Thailand’s 7.0 million. According to Food and Agriculture organisation by the end of year 2013, India could export 8.3 million tons of rice making it the world’s leading rice exporter for two years in a row ahead of Vietnam and Thailand.