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Causes of White patches on Skin and Preventive Measure that can be taken

The skin is the largest organ of our body it covers our entire system from head to toe. This means that the skin is exposed to all kinds of conditions, including extreme heat and cold. It is important to take certain steps, in order to protect the skin and make sure that it is healthy. There are a number of different skin diseases that can be caused due to bad hygiene, loss of nutrients or exposure to extreme conditions. Let us take a look at one such illness.

Vitiligo is a condition, due to loss of melanin, resulting in white patches on the skin. Melanin is the pigment that determines the colour of your skin, eyes and hair. When the number of cells producing melanin reduces, it results in irregular patches all over the body. This illness affects people from all races. It starts with a small patch and then slowly begins the spread. If the patches are noticed early on, steps can be taken in order to slow down the process or to make it look less aggravated.

Although doctors are not sure of the cause of the illness, a study of different cases has narrowed down the reasons. Some experts believe that it is an immunity disorder, while others believe it is hereditary. In some cases, emotional distress or extreme sunburn has triggered the disease. However, no one can state the cause with full certainty.

There are a number of different ways to approach vitiligo treatment. This includes aggressive medical action, home remedies and alternative medicine, all of which are believed to reduce the effect and visibility of the illness. There are several instances where tanning is used in order to give a uniform colouring to the skin. Surgical methods that involve skin grafts are also one of the forms of treatment, which is common when few small patches are visible. Several ointments and creams that help lessen visibility are available for purchase.

A good sunscreen lotion will help to reduce the effect of UVA rays and UVB rays on the skin. These rays are extremely harmful and with the depletion of the ozone layer the effects are only multiplied. The ability of a sunscreen to provide protection is measured in term of SPF. A good sunscreen lotion has an SPF of 30 and above, it shields you from the harmful effects of the sun.

Many people choose to use cosmetics in order to reduce visibility. Although this does not help the condition, it reduces the prominence of the white patches that are on the exposed skin. It gives the person a sense of confidence and makes them less self-conscious.

All these measures can be used in order to reduce the effects of Vitiligo. It is important to take care of your skin and to be aware of any changes that may occur. If diseases are detected early on, steps can be taken in order to keep them under control.

Nisha Parkar