Women face a lot of gynaecological problems and some of the problems might even be serious. What is essential is routine check ups and complete awareness about one’s health condition in order to prevent the different types of gynaecological complications.
Routine annual exams, Colposcopy, breast examination, pelvic ultrasound for diagnosing abnormalities including other check ups constitute some of the essential gynaecological examinations. Among various types of gynaecological issues, the common ones that are seen largely in adolescents and teenage girls are improper menstrual cycle associated with unbearable pain at the lower abdomen, UTT urinary tract infections, PMS or premenstrual syndrome, vaginitis and eating disorders. Each of these issues have their individual symptoms and treatments.
Nowadays, girls are seen suffering from Ovarian cysts which is counted among the serious gynaecological complications. In most cases the cysts are seen harmless or inactive i.e. they would not show any symptom and go away on their own. However, if a cyst is large in size and puts pressure over the bladder, there might be a feeling of urinating frequently since the cyst might interfere and reduce the capacity of the bladder.
The symptoms of ovarian cysts are:
- Pelvic pain- A dull ache constantly troubling the lower back and thighs
- Irregular menstruation
- Dyspareunia- Pelvic pain during intercourse
- Pelvic pain just before the starting of the menstrual cycle or just before it ends
- Breast tenderness (just as it happens during pregnancy), vomiting and nausea
- Pain while defecating or during bowel movements
- A frequent feeling urination or difficulty in emptying the bladder completely
- Fullness or heaviness in the abdomen
- Sudden, chronic abdominal or pelvic pain
- Pain associated with vomiting and fever
If you notice these symptoms or if there is rapid breathing, weakness, lightheadedness, and cold or clammy skin, you must immediately rush to your doctor for medical help.
Is there any connection between ovarian cyst and infertility?
Some ovarian cyst can cause infertility issues. However this will depend upon the type of the cyst you have.
The type of cysts that are responsible for reducing fertility are Endometriomas (cyst caused by endometriosis), and ovarian cyst formed due to polycystic ovary syndrome. Unless they become very large, these types of ovarian cysts don’t affect fertility.