Hyperpigmentation is best defined as the relative darkening of the entire region or a patch of skin due to increased melanin concentration. To further elaborate melanin is predominantly a pigmentation producing component in humans which is responsible for the colour of the skin. Melanocytes produce melanin and when they overproduce the pigment darkening of the skin happens. Melanocytes are cells which are located in the lower layers of your skin. Statistics indicate that ethnic groups with a darker skin tone like Africans are more prone to hyperpigmentation as compared to lighter skin individuals.
Although hyperpigmentation can occur anywhere, the preferred regions of the body could well include the face, body or even the hands. Concurrently the region of the chest can also be affected in those who are exposed to sunlight.
If you have been afflicted with hyperpigmentation, it could well be both embarrassing and disconcerting and you would evidently like to reverse the process as quickly as possible. Some of the other reasons for hyperpigmentation can include pregnancy, trauma or hormonal imbalance in the body. This patchy darkening of the skin is best treated using an array of modalities like bleaching or even exfoliation. While the former is more temporary, exfoliation is arguably the preferred option.
LACTIC ACID PEELS FOR HYPERPIGMENTATION
Lactic acid is one of the most gentle and effective chemical peel, thus it continues to be widely used for treating hyperpigmentation. Exfoliation is essentially the peeling off and destruction of the superficial layer of skin thus revealing clear and unblemished skin underneath. Lactic acid is definitely the preferred option although the number of applications required may well vary from one to many. The number of applications that you would need to undertake will depend on numerous factors such as your age, the cause of hyperpigmentation and even the depth of the hyperpigmentation cells.
Although an effective option, lactic acid peels must be used with caution as it could result in increased sensitivity of your skin to sunlight thus making it itchy and red. The countermeasure is simple, for all that you need to do is to wear a sunscreen lotion or cream with a minimum SPF of 15. The frequency of application being daily and the duration may well be far more prolonged, even if you are cured of your hyperpigmentation. This extended duration of use of sunscreen lotions could well be attributed to the fact that the ultraviolet rays can further damage your skin and hyperpigmentation can return if you stop the protection prematurely.